Pre Historic

Cave Paintings found in Libya dated between 6000 BC and 100 AD have drawings of pariah-type dogs in some hunting scenes.


3000 BC

This is a photo of a famous game table (Hemaka Game Stone) from the tomb of Hemaka, 1st Egyptian Dynasty noble.


2700 BC

Mr. Birch in "The Transactions of the Society of Biblical Archaeology" (1875) describes the Khufu dogs shown in the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), IV Dynasty as "Spitz-like dogs, the muzzle is short and pointed and distinctly fox-like, the ears are pointed and held erect. The tail is curled and comes close to and on the side of the back.


1200 BC

Detail from Bas-Relief on the Mastaba of Akhuthotep



While there are earlier writings about dogs in Africa, Dr. Schweinfurth is to the first to mention dogs that really seem to be Basenjis. Schweinfurth traveled and studied flora and fauna in Central Africa. He writes of the Nyan-Nyam tribe: "The only domestic animals are poultry and dogs. The dogs belong to a small breed resembling the wolf-dog, but with short sleek hair, they have ears that are large and always erect, and a short curly tail like that of a young pig. They are usually bright yellowish tan in colour, and very often have a white stripe upon the neck. They are made to wear little wooden bells around the neck so they should not be lost in the long steppe-grass.




The date for Bosc is confusing as sometimes it is given as 1908 but the Congo Terrier Standard is clearly dated 1880.  It has been written in some places that the names of the three dogs exhibited at the Paris Zoo are "Bosc", Dibue" and "Mowa."



From the earliest Europeans in Africa, travelers, adventurers, missionaries, scientists and explorers write of their African experiences.



First exhibition of Basenjis in Great Britain. They were exhibited as "Lagos Bush Dogs."



Photo of dogs at the Berlin Zoo, exhibited as 'African Bush Dogs'



A stuffed Basenji in a pygmy village scene is exhibited at the Museum of Natural History, New York City.



Postcard from Africa



While living in Khartoum Lady Helen Nutting acquires six Basenjis from natives west of Meridid. When she returns to Great Britain these dogs come along on board the ship. They arrive in good health in Great Britain and everything is done for their welfare but it ends in tragedy when they all die from the after-effects of distemper injections which were quite new at the time..



Begins Mrs. Olivia Burns adventures in collecting and importing Basenjis. The first dogs she imported did not survive to reproduce. She wrote this brief description (appeared in Veronica Tudor-Williams books, "Basenjis: The Barkless Dogs") of some of the trials and tribulations she encountered along the way.



Undated photo cut from a book and researched by Jo Thompson. Describes Luba people and their hunting dogs.



Travel Story... From a 1985 letter from well known author Maxwell Riddle printed in "The Basenji's" 'The Mailbox:'     "Once in the old Belgian Congo, I asked officials to take me "up country" to visit the tribes having Basenjis. They seemed puzzled. Finally, they said, "Do you mean the dogs which don't bark?" I said yes. So they agreed to fly me to a small landing strip, and then to take me by motor launch further up the river to a village where I would see the dogs. "But don't call them Basenjis," they said. "In our language that means 'savage'. The natives might think you were referring to them, and you could get a spear in the back. We call them 'Saba Dogs' meaning 'dogs of the Queen of Sheba'."


  Where did Basenjis come from?


Mrs. Burns imported the first Basenjis from Africa who became actual foundation stock for the breed.



Mrs Olivia Burn exhibits Basenjis at Crufts and writes an article appearing in The American Kennel Gazette: The Barkless Dog of the Congo.



On the 9th of Feburary The Basenji Club of Great Britain became the first club of Basenji enthusiasts formed in the world.



English show photo shown above from Dog World Annual 1940.



Importation of four Basenjis into Canada from England. They were two males Kwillo and Koodoo of the Congo and two females Kikuyu and Kiteve of the Congo. Can. Ch. Kwillo of the Congo became the first champion in the world. See the report below on the Morris and Essex show as well..



Congo, the stowaway onboard a ship loaded with coffee from Africa.



First British Basenji Standard Approved



Veronica Tudor-Williams writes in "The Basenji" about the story published as a serial in The Saturday Evening Post in 1941 and the Warner Brothers movie in 1956. This James Street story has appeared in book form and in story collections for many years.



Crackerjack of the Congo wins best Crackerjack of the Congo in show at an open (non-championship) show in England



American Kennel Club accepts Basenjis..



Andy of Glen Ho becomes the first Basenji to win a Hound Group First at an AKC championship show.



Another first on 10 October when Ch. Phemister's Melengo (Phemister's Bois x Zinnia of the Congo) becomes the first champion in the USA!



"Basenjis, The Barkless Dog" (the red cover edition) by Veronica Tudor-Williams was first published. These book form the major basis of the information available on the early history of Basenjis outside of Africa.



First English champion title completed in February: Ch. Brown Trout of the Congo.



April the first two tri color puppies born outside Africa in a litter of three males.



Basenji Club of America holds its first Specialty onFirst Specialty BOB  Sunday, June 11 at Batavia, New York.



Advertisement for Purina in the "Dog World" magazine



"Good-Bye, My Lady" becomes a movie.



26 August Veronica Tudor-Williams judges in Great Barrington, Massachusetts:

Photo right of her with Damara Bolte showing Riviana Jollity of the Congo



Fula and Tiger are brought to the UK from Africa.



Gwen Stanich is involved with two breedings in Africa and then brings black and white Basenjis back to the USA.



The first Basenji to come to Germany directly from Africa arrived: Liberias Poldi. This dog was a important foundation for the German Basenji breeders.



ASFA ( American Sighthound Field Association) accepts Basenjis for lure coursing. On September 3, on the first weekend after Basenjis are recognized to run, Bubalak's Divine Bette takes a Best in Field



Anne Ductor and Richard Baker's girl FC Dharian’s Phantom, LCM became the first ever AKC field champion.



A stuffed toy Basenji by the outstanding German toy company "Steiff" is new on the market.



Bill Duffy had a Basenji named Carey when he was a child.  As an adult he installs a Basenji as part of a sculpture in White Marsh, Maryland.



Ch. Jethard Cidevant becomes the first Basenji to win Best in Show at Crufts in the U.K.



Sally Sally Wallis went online with her tremendous pedigree database. She had started collecting pedigrees in 1984 and waited until she had about 70,000 pedigrees collected to go online.



14 July the DNA Marker Test for Fanconi Syndrome became available. Another leap forward for the health of Basenjis around the world!  OFA takes on this testing and record keeping on their website.



The Basenji University is established.



In September BCOA and BHE were pleased to announce Dr. Gary Johnson has identified the mutation responsible for recessive basenji Fanconi Syndrome. A new test, a direct Fanconi gene test is now available through the OFA.

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